Fundamentals Of Corporate Finance European Edition Pdf \/\/TOP\\\\
The field of comparative corporate governance is currently undergoing what may amount to a paradigm shift. Since the seminal analysis of the modern corporation by Berle and Means in 1932, the large publicly held corporation with dispersed shareholders as owners unable to effectively control management has dominated the field not only in the United States, the origin country of the Berle & Means corporation, but also elsewhere. Recent empirical analyses, however, document that the corporation with dispersed owners is much less common than typically assumed. As a result, many of the assumptions that have driven the analysis of the corporate sector in the past are currently undergoing review. To a large extent, the fresh look at the corporation, its ownership structure and performance, and the legal framework in which it operates can be attributed to the recent experience of the transition economies. Reform strategies that were implemented in these countries over the past decade included the reorganization of state owned enterprises into marketable share companies and their subsequent privatization. Corporatization and privatization were expected to lead to enterprise restructuring and improved performance. In fact, these expectations materialized only slowly, if at all, and, as will be further discussed below, the emerging enterprise structures in these countries looks quite different from earlier predictions. Cynics may say that these countries became the testing ground for empirically unfounded corporate finance theories. In fact, many privatization programs in transition economies were designed and advised by US trained financial economists who have now taken the lead in challenging the very same assumptions on which their advice had been based. While they earlier predicted that institutions will follow the market, they now argue that institutions, in particular legal institutions, are determinants of the ownership structure of firms and the development of capital markets. In any event, the process of transforming centrally planned economies into market economies has revealed how little is understood about markets and firms or the role of law and legal institutions for their functioning.
fundamentals of corporate finance european edition pdf